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Family Subtree Diagram : ...Thomas Giffard (1345)

PLEASE NOTE: If you do not see a GRAPHIC IMAGE of a family tree here but are seeing this text instead then it is most probably because the web server is not correctly configured to serve svg pages correctly. see for information on how to correctly configure a web server for svg files. ? Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Biological Child Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Biological Child Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Biological Child Biological Child Biological Child Biological Child Biological Child Biological Child Biological Child Biological Child Biological Child Biological Child Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Biological Child Biological Child Biological Child Biological Child Parent Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Parent Biological Child Parent Parent Parent Biological Child Biological Child Marriage (two children) (two children) (a child) Marriage (a child) (two children) (two children) (five children) (two children) (a child) (four children) (a child) (six children) (a child) (two children) (a child) (a child) (a child) (a child) (four children) (a child) (two children) (a child) (a child) (a child) (a child) (a child) (a child) (a child) (a child) (a child) (a child) (a child) (a child) (a child) 1301 - 1368 John Giffard 67 67 1270 John Giffard 1279 Alexandra De Gardiano 1180 Elias IV Giffard Alicia Maltravers 1270 Eleanore Giffard 1244 Margaret 1287 John Giffard 1145 - 1190 Elias III Giffard 45 45 1160 Maud FitzHarding De Berkeley 1120 - 1190 Maurice FitzRobert FitzHarding Lord Berkeley 70 70 1135 - 1170 Alice De Berkeley 35 35 Alice founded the religious house called Magdalen's, near Bristol, and was its patroness
1095 - 1169 Robert FitzHarding 74 74 Robert Fitz Harding, feudal Lord of Berkeley; granted by Henry II 1153/4 the castle of Berkeley, Glos, founder 1141 of Abbey of St Augustine, Bristol. [Burke's Peerage]


Robert FitzHardinge obtained for his fidelity to King Henry II the Castle of Berkeley, wrested from Roger de Berkeley, or Dursley, a partisan of Stephen, and thereby became one of the feudal barons of the realm. He married Eva, niece of William the Conqueror, and founded the monastery of St. Augustine, at Bristol, in the year 1140, and was buried there in 1170. He was s. by his eldest son, Maurice de Berkeley. [John Burke, History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. I., R. Bentley, London, 1834-1838, p. 469, Berkeley, of Spetchley]



Robert Fitz Harding, who "may bee called Rober the Devout," son of Harding (d), said to have been a merchant of Bristol, and of great wealth and influence, received from Henry of Anjou, in 1153 or 1154, shortly before his accession as Henry II, a grant (among others) of the Castle and "herness " of Berkeley (as above mentioned) which was confirmed by the said Henry when King, probably in 1155 the first year of his reign, whereby he the said Robert (doubtless) became feudal L.ORD OF BERKELEY. In 1168 he entetained Dermot Mae Murrough, King of Leinster, on his arrival, at Bristol, to solicit succour from Henry II. He founded, in 1141, the Abbey of St. Augustine, at Bristol, of which he afterwards became a canon.


He married Eve (c). He died 5 February 1170/1, aged about 75. His wife, who founded a priory of nuns on St. Michael's hill, Bristol, whereof she died Prioress, 12 March 1170, was buried with her husband. [Complete Peerage II:124-25,
(transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]


(d) The parentage of this Harding (living c 1125) has been long and hotly disputed. He has been termed "son of the King of Denmark" (as in the petition of 1661), "Mayor of Bristol", and so forth. The view now generally accepted is that he was the son of Eadnoth (killed 1068), "Staller" to King Harold and to Edward the Confessor. E.A. Freeman pronounces this descent "in the highest degree probable." Eyton (in his "Shropshire") devoted much attention to the subject.


(c) She is alleged to have been sister of Durand, daughter of Sir Estmond, by Godiva, his wife, a pedigree which J. H. Round denounces as "obviously absurd".


Berkeley Castle:


Criss-cross windowThe most remarkable thing of all about the Castle is the long survival together - spanning nine centuries - of the building itself, the Berkeley family, the archives (which go back to 1117), the contents, the estate and the town.   Its place in history is significant, not just because it is still intact, but because the Berkeley family and their home played an important part in the power struggles of so many centuries.

The Castle is one of the March Castles, built to keep out the Welsh, and has all the trappings to match: trip steps designed to make the enemy stumble during an assault, arrow slits, murder holes, enormous barred doors, slots where the portcullis once fell, and worn stones where sentries stood guard. It is also a fairytale Castle with its warm pink stone that glows in soft sunset light. Outside, the battlements drop some 60' to the Great Lawn below; but inside the Inner Courtyard, the building is on a human scale, with uneven battlements, small towers, doors and windows of every shape and size.  The surrounding land would have been flooded for defence.

The Family are one of only three families in England who can trace their ancestry from father to son back to Saxon times. English history has been lived out within these walls – and by this family. The Castle is the oldest building in the country to be inhabited by the same family who built it. For centuries, the Berkeleys were close to the throne, able administrators and fighters who supported their king or queen (as long as they could), backed the winning side, and married well. The house, naturally enough, is full of stories…

The Archives housed in the Castle date back from the earliest part of the 12th Century and number around 20,000 documents, 6,000 of which relate to the mediaeval period. The latter are mainly manorial records which relate to every county in England, excepting two only.

The Contents are items that have been chosen, collected and treasured by members of the Berkeley family throughout the centuries, and many reflect the history of the place. They include Francis Drake's cabin chest, Queen Elizabeth I's bedspread, and the banner that the 4th Earl of Berkeley took with him to the Battle of Culloden. Many of the unusual tapestries, paintings, ceramics and silverware, have their own story to tell.

The Estate consists of 6,000 acres, and includes one of the best examples of a mediaeval deer park in the country, 18 tenant farms, a stretch of the River Severn and the land on which the famous Wetland Wildfowl Centre at Slimbridge is situated. Berkeley town itself goes back in time as far as the Castle, and evidence suggests that there may have been a mint here in Saxon times.

The Stories

The Castle's Keep was finished in 1153 by the first of the Berkeleys, one Robert Fitzhardinge, a wealthy provost of Bristol who was awarded the Castle by Henry II, the then Duke of Anjou. Since that time there is not much of Britain 's history that has passed Berkeley Castle by. The Castle has connections

• with Shakespeare's Midsummer Night's Dream, which was written for a Berkeley wedding;

• with the murder of King Edward II, which notoriously took place here in 1327;

• with the signing of Magna Carta – the Barons of the West gathered at Berkeley before setting out to that momentous meeting with King John at Runnymede;

• with the Civil War, where the Royalists surrendered the Castle to the Parliamentarians after a siege;

• with the American Thanksgiving – the very first of which was held by Berkeley men;

• with Virginia – the first Governor of which was William Berkeley;

• with Yale and the University of California – who both benefited from the legacy of Bishop George Berkeley of Cloyne in the 18 th Century

• with the battles of Agincourt , Crecy , Poitiers , Flodden , Culodden, and many more

• with Edward Jenner, the Rector of the town, who developed the smallpox vaccination

• with the last court jester in England , who died here in the Castle when he tumbled from the minstrel's gallery in the Great Hall (did he fall, or was he pushed?)

• with the monarchs of England: most notably King John, Henry VII, Henry VIII, Queen Elizabeth I, Charles I, George I, the Prince Regent – to name but a few

• with Francis Drake, Queen Elizabeth's most famous sea captain 
1100 - 1170 Eve FitzEstmond 70 70 1050 - 1125 Harding Prince of Denmark 75 75 1170 Thomas De Berkeley 1024 Ealdnoth 1105 - 1170 Roger III De Berkeley 65 65 Rissa De Montgomery 1133 Robert De Berkeley 1073 - 1131 Roger de Berkeley 58 58 1042 - 1093 Roger de Berkeley 51 51 1046 Rissa de Dursley 1010 William De Berkeley The Norman family de Berchelai arrived in England with William the Conqueror. This same family built Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire in 1153. Roger de Berchelai is mentioned in the Domesday Book as is his son, John, listing them as owning twenty hamlets. In 1069 John left Gloucestershire for Scotland in the retinue of Margaret, sister of Edgar the Aetheling, later St Margaret. Margaret married King Malcolm III of Scotland who granted John de Berchelai the lands of Towie in Aberdeenshire and the title of Barclay of the ilk. Other members of the family settled in Mathers, Gartley and Pierston as well as places such as Brechin, Banff, Collairnie and Stonehaven. The clan forged strong alliances and took influential positions in national affairs. Between the years 1165 and 1189, Sir Walter de Berkeley, Gartley III, Lord Redcastle and Inverkeillor, was Great Chamberlain of Scotland under William I of Scotland.
1164 John II De Maltravers 1183 Hawise 1208 John III De Maltravers 1146 John Maltravers 1146 - 1180 Alice FitzGeoffrey De Tuberville 34 34 1122 Walter Maltravers 1096 Hugh Maltravers 1116 Roger FitzGeoffrey 1231 - 1322 John Giffard 91 91 1234 Maud De Clifford 1187 - 1263 Walter de Clifford 76 76 1210 - 1263 Margred Verch Llwelyn 53 53 1160 - 1263 Agnes de Cundy 103 103 1305 - 1359 Lucy De Morteyn 54 54 1345 - 1394 Thomas Giffard 49 49 1187 - 1243 Thomas de Berkeley 56 56 1150 - 1221 Walter De Clifford 71 71 1189 - 1231 Roger de Clifford 42 42 1128 Roger de Cundy 1132 Alice de Cheney 1085 - 1130 Robert de Cundy 45 45 1085 - 1150 Adelaide de Cheney 65 65 1095 John de Caisneto de Cheney 1104 Sybil 1069 Ralph de Cheney 1076 Aeliz Maminot Sources:
APT. 4-H
Date: 11 Jun 2004
1268 - 1322 Katherine Giffard 54 54 1127 Roger de Berkeley 1124 Helen FitzRobert FitzHarding 1128 Alice FitzHarding 1069 John de Berkeley 1071 Livida de Berkeley 1075 Eustace de Berkeley 1077 William de Berkeley 1080 Alexander de Berkeley 1166 - 1226 Walter Giffard 60 60 Note: The contents of this catalogue are the copyright of Berkeley Castle Muniments
Note: Rights in the Access to Archives database are the property of the Crown, © 2001-2006
Note: Berkeley Castle Muniments
Note: Catalogue Ref. BCM
Note: Creator(s):
Note: Berkeley family of Berkeley, Gloucestershire
Note: Besides those in common use, the following abbreviations may require elucidation.
Note: BCM Berkeley Castle Muniments.
Note: BIHR Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research (later called Historical Research)
Note: BL British Library
Note: BL Harl. MS 4748 British Library, Cartulary of the honour of Segrave
Note: Barkley Sir Henry Barkley, 'The Earlier House of Berkeley', TBGAS viii (1883-4)
Note: Blomefield, Norfolk Francis Blomefield, Essay Towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk (2nd edn., 11 vols., 1805-10)
Note: Bridges, Northants. John Bridges, History and Antiquities of the County of Northampton (3 vols., 1759-91)
Note: CChR Calendar of Charter Rolls (6 vols., Public Record Office, 1903-27)
Note: CCR Close Rolls of the Reign of Henry III (14 vols.) and Calendar of Close Rolls (47 vols., Edward I to Henry VII, Public Record Office, 1911-63)
Note: CFR Calendar of Fine Rolls (22 vols., Public Record Office, 1911-62)
Note: CIM Calendar of Inquisitions Miscellaneous (7 vols., Public Record Office, 1916-68)
Note: CIPM Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem (21 vols., Public Record Office, 1904-2002)
Note: CIPM Hen. VII Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Henry VII (3 vols., Public Record Office, 1898-1955)
Note: CLibR Calendar of Liberate Rolls (6 vols., Public Record Office, 1916-64)
Note: CMR Calendar of Memoranda Rolls, 1326-7 (Public Record Office, 1968)
Note: CPL Calendar of Papal Registers: Letters (15 vols., Public Record Office, 1893-1978)
Note: CPR Calendar of Patent Rolls (54 vols. to the end of Henry VII, Public Record Office, 1893-1916)
Note: Cal.Doc.Irel. Calendar of Documents relating to Ireland (5 vols., Public Record Office, 1875-86)
Note: Cat.Anct.D. Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds in the Public Record Office (6 vols., Public Record Office, 1890-1915)
Note: Copinger, Suffolk Manors W. A. Copinger, The Manors of Suffolk (7 vols. 1905-11)
Note: Cornwall Fines, 1195-1377; 1377-1461 Cornwall Feet of Fines, vol. i, 1195-1377; vol. ii, 1377-1461 (Devon and Cornwall Record Society, 1914, 1950)
Note: Curia Regis Rolls Curia Regis Rolls (19 vols., Public Record Office, 1922-2002)
Note: d.s.p. died sine prole (i.e. without issue)
Note: Devon CRO Devon County Record Office
Note: Dorset Fines, 1327-1485 Full Abstracts of Feet of Fines relating to the County of Dorset [1327-1485] (Dorset Records vol. 10, 1910)
Note: Ekwall, Dict. of Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (4th edn., 1960)
Note: Ellis C. A. Ellis, note and pedigree in Smyth, Lives of the Berkeleys, i. 19-20
Note: Farrer William Farrer, Honors and Knights' Fees (3 vols., 1923-5)
Note: Feud. Aids Inquisitions and Assessments relating to Feudal Aids (6 vols., Public Record Office, 1899-1920)
Note: Fryde, Fall of Edward II Natalie Fryde, The Tyranny and Fall of Edward II, 1321-1326 (1979)
Note: GAR Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Account Rolls
Note: GC Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Charters
Note: GCR Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Court Rolls
Note: GEC The Complete Peerage, ed. G. E. C[ockayne] (14 vols., 1910-98)
Note: GIPM Abstracts of Inquisitiones post mortem for Gloucestershire, 1236-1413 (3 vols., issued jointly by the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society and the British Record Society Index Library, vols. xxx, xl, xlviii, 1903-14)
Note: GMR Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Miscellaneous Rolls
Note: GRR Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Rental Rolls
Note: GSUB Berkeley Castle Muniments, General Series Unbound Books
Note: Genealogist The Genealogist: a quarterly magazine (1877-1922)
Note: Great Cartulary Berkeley Castle Muniments, The Great Cartulary (BCM SB 10)
Note: Hist. of Parl. 1386-1421 J. S. Roskell, Linda Clark and Carole Rawcliffe, The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1386-1421 (4 vols., 1992)
Note: Historical Research See BIHR
Note: Hutchins, Dorset John Hutchins The History and Antiquities of the County of Dorset (4 vols., 1861-70)
Note: Jeayes Descriptive Catalogue of the Charters and Muniments in the possession of the Rt. Hon. Lord Fitzhardinge, at Berkeley Castle, compiled by Isaac Herbert Jeayes (1892)
Note: Lysons, Magna Britannia Daniel and Samuel Lysons, Magna Britannia (1874)
Note: McFarlane, Collected Essays K. B. McFarlane, England in the Fifteenth Century: Collected Essays (1981)
Note: Morant, Essex Philip Morant, History and Antiquities of the County of Essex (1816)
Note: n.d. no date
Note: Nichols, Leics. John Nichols, History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester (4 vols. in 8 parts, 1795-1811)
Note: PNGlos A. H. Smith, The Place-Names of Gloucestershire (English Place-Name Society, 4 vols., 1964-5)
Note: PRO Public Record Office, Kew, London
Note: Pole, Devon Sir William Pole, Collections towards a Description of the County of Devon (1791)
Note: Proc. Som. Arch. & Nat. Hist. Soc. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society
Note: Radford, 'Tretower' C. A. Raleigh Radford, 'Tretower: The Castle and the Court', Brycheiniog (The Brecknock Society), vi (1960)
Note: Reg. Bransford Calendar of the Register of Wolstan de Bransford, Bishop of Worcester, 1339-49 (Worcestershire Historical Society, 1966)
Note: Reg. Cobham Register of Thomas de Cobham, Bishop of Worcester, 1317-27 (Worcestershire Historical Society, 1930)
Note: Reg. Drokensford Calendar of the Register of John de Drokensford, Bishop of Bath and Wells (A.D. 1309-1329) (Somerset Record Society vol. 1, 1887)
Note: Reg. Giffard Register of Bishop Godfrey Giffard, 1268-1301 (2 vols., Worcestershire Historical Society, 1898, 1902)
Note: Reg. Hallum The Register of Robert Hallum, Bishop of Salisbury, 1407-17 (Canterbury and York Society, part cxlv, 1982)
Note: Reg. Shrewsbury The Register of Ralph of Shrewsbury, Bishop of Bath and Wells, 1329-1363 (Somerset Record Society, vols. 9 and 10, 1896)
Note: Rot. Litt. Claus. Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum in turri Londinensi asservati (Record Commission, 2 vols., 1833-4)
Note: Rot. Parl. Rotuli Parliamentorum (6 vols., 1783, and index vol., 1832)
Note: Rudder, Glos. Samuel Rudder, A New History of Gloucestershire (1779)
Note: SB Berkeley Castle Muniments, Select Books
Note: SC Berkeley Castle Muniments, Select Charters
Note: SR Berkeley Castle Muniments, Select Rolls
Note: SRS Somerset Record Society
Note: St Augustine's Cartulary The Cartulary of St Augustine's Abbey, Bristol (Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, Gloucestershire Record Series, vol. 10, 1998)
Note: Sanders, English Baronies I. J. Sanders, English Baronies: a Study of their Origin and Descent, 1086-1327 (1960)
Note: Saul, Knights and Esquires Nigel Saul, Knights and Esquires: the Gloucestershire Gentry in the Fourteenth Century (1981)
Smyth John Smyth of Nibley, The Lives of the Berkeleys, with a Description of the Hundred of Berkeley (The Berkeley Manuscripts, 3 vols., Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society; vols. i-ii, 1883, are the Lives of the Berkeleys; vol.
iii, 1885, is The Hundred of Berkeley)
Somerset Fines, 1196-1307; 1307-46; 1347-99; 1399-1461 Pedes Finium, commonly called Feet of Fines, for the County of Somerset, 1196-1307; [second series] 1307-46; [third series], 1347-99; [fourth series], 1399-1461 (Somerset Record Society,
vols. vi, xii, xvii, xxii, 1892-1906)
Note: Staffs. Hist. Collections Collections for a History of Staffordshire (published by the William Salt Archaeological Society, later the Staffordshire Record Society)
Note: TBGAS Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society
Note: temp. tempore (i.e. in the time of)
Note: VCH Victoria History of the Counties of England (for all counties; in progress)
Wilts. Fines, 1272-1327; 1327-77 Abstracts of Feet of Fines relating to Wiltshire for the reigns of Edward I and Edward II (Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, Records Branch vol. i, 1939); for the reign of Edward III
(Wiltshire Record Society vol. xxix, 1974)
Note: Wilts. IPM Abstracts of Wiltshire Inquisitions post mortem, 1242-1326; 1327-77 (British Record Society Index Library and Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, 2 vols., 1908, 1914)
In the abstracts of deeds, place-names are usually given in the spelling of the manuscripts. Exceptions include the names of counties used to locate places, the names of places of residence (other than surnames) that occur in the statements of
the parties to deeds or in witness-lists, and the names of the rivers Severn and Wye. The identifiable place-names occurring in notes of accounts and court rolls are similarly modernised. Persons' surnames are given in the abstracts in the
spelling of the manuscripts except that descriptive surnames in Latin using common nouns (usually occupational terms) or adjectives are, where possible, translated; for relatively unusual surnames the Latin word may be given in brackets, in
italic and in the nominative case or with a preposition. Latin and French forenames are translated into English where there is no problem: thus Matilda appears as Maud, Dionisia as Denise, but Amicia retains her Latin form rather than appearing
as Amice, Amy, Amity or Aimée. Where French or English words and phrases that occur in documents that are mainly in Latin need to be distinguished they are either enclosed in quotation marks or are given in translation or modernised form with
the original word or words in italic within brackets.
Illegible parts of documents are represented by an ellipsis (...). Editorial interpolations are in square brackets, with editorial comments in italic. The omission from an abstract of detail, typically listing titles of honour, offices or
varieties of holding, is represented by '[etc.]'.
Note: Work on the arrangement of the muniments is continuing and from time to time reveals documents that had hitherto been overlooked. For that reason, if for none other, the present catalogue should be seen as susceptible to amendment.
Additional research, chiefly in secondary sources, has been done only where necessary to establish the means by which certain documents reached the archive. The introductions to the several sections, and the references to secondary sources
cited, are consequently uneven in their range.
Note: The following pedigrees can be consulted at Berkeley Castle Muniments:
Note: 1. Descendants of Harding son of Eadnoth
Note: 2. Berkeley: descendants of Maurice (I) de Berkeley
Note: 3. Berkeley: descendants of Thomas (II) de Berkeley
Note: 4. Berkeley: descendants of Elizabeth de Berkeley
Note: 5. Berkeley: descendants of James (I) de Berkeley
Note: 6. Mowbray
Note: 7. Segrave
Note: 8. Drayton
Note: 9. Lovet of Rushton
Note: 10. Prayers
Note: 11. Cranford
Note: 12. Paris and Ivaus
Note: 13. Blount
Note: HIGH BRAY (DEVON) - ref. BCM/A/2/3
FILE [no title] - ref. BCM/A/2/3/3 - date: [c. Michaelmas 1209] [from Scope and Content] Witnesses: Roger de Berkeley, Adam son of Nigel, Bernard de Cromhale, Bernard de Stanes, Henry the chaplain, Swigin the chaplain, Thomas de Tiringham,
Maurice son of Nigel, Thomas de Lovent, William de Rotomag' now sheriff, Robert de Albamara, William de Raleg', Walter Giffard, Ranulf de Albemara, John Cole.
Note: ===============
Note: The contents of this catalogue are the copyright of Gloucestershire Record Office
Note: Rights in the Access to Archives database are the property of the Crown, © 2001-2006
Note: Kingscote Family Papers
Note: Catalogue Ref. D471
Note: Creator(s):
Note: Kingscote family of Kingscote, Gloucestershire
Note: FILE [no title] - ref. D471/T1/4 - date: 1186
[from Scope and Content] Witnesses: Wm. Bishop of Land'[aff], Richard Abbot of St. Augustine's, Bristol, Richard the Canon, Master Maurice, Adam de Sautemar[eis] then Seneshal, Walter Giffard, Maurice son of Nigel, Wm. de Sautemar', Ralph
Fitzroger, Richard de Stintescumbe, Peter de Haia, Robert ?Duket, Laurence de Bocoura, Jocelin Eoco.
Change Date: 1 JAN 2007
1275 - 1323 Eleanor Gifford 48 48 1010 - 1067 Godgifu of Coventry 57 57 [Pullen010502.FTW]

Godiva, Lady (flourished about 1040-80), Anglo-Saxon noblewoman, wife of Leofric, earl of Mercia (flourished 1005-57). She is known to have persuaded her husband to found monasteries at Coventry (1043) and Stow. According to legend, she obtained a reduction in the excessive taxes levied by her husband on the people of Coventry by consenting to ride naked through the town on a white horse. Only one person disobeyed her orders to remain indoors behind closed shutters; this man, a tailor known afterward as Peeping Tom, peered through a window and immediately became blind. The oldest form of the legend is in the 13th-century Flores Historiarum (Flowers of the Historians). A festival in her honor was instituted as part of Coventry Fair in 1678.

Source: 'The World Book Encyclopedia', 1968, p G235. 'Godiva, Lady,' Microsoft (R) Encarta. Copyright (c) 1993
Microsoft Corporation. Copyright (c) 1993 Funk & Wagnall's Corporation

# Note:

    This is the famous Lady Godiva. She complained constantly to her husband that the taxes were too high on the townspeople of Coventry. He finally said that he would reduce the taxes if she would ride nude through the marketplace on market day. She arranged for all of the men to remain inside and covered her entire body, except her legs, with her hair. Supposedly one person named Tom did not remain inside during her ride and became known as "Peeping Tom". Leofric eliminated all taxes, except for one on horses. During Edward I's reign, a check was made and the only tax in Coventry was one on horses. Since 1678 the town of Coventry still celebrates the ride during its annual fair.


    Concerning her dates of birth and death. I originally had 980-1067, but this was not in agreement with Ancestral Roots line 176a-2, which has her birth at c1010 and her marriage at c1030. Nor was it consistant with the Encyclopedia Britannica which had Godiva fl. 1040-1080. However the 980 birth date was consistant with her gr grandaughter Nesta b. c1055/7, dau of Edith, dau of Aelfgar, son of Godiva. With some serious scrunching of dates I could conceive of:

Godiva b. 1010 (originally 980)
Aelfgar b. 1025 (originally 1002)
Edith b. 1041 (originally 1030)
Nesta b. 1057

with two other daughters of Leofric born to a "first wife or mistress". It is physically possible for 3 generations in a row born at the 15/16th year of their parents life (however unlikely), so that is what I have done.

date of death [of Godiva, which at the time was 10 Sep 1067]]
Warwickshire - the Domesday Book in 1086


    Perhaps one of the most famous early personalities of the period was Lady Godiva (Godwa or Godgifu) who allegedly rode naked the streets of Coventry in Warwickshire as a protest against her husband's high taxes on the people of the city. This husband, Earl Leofric, a Saxon Earl of Mercia, died an old man in 1057, nine years before the Norman Conquest. They seemingly had issue, at least one daughter, who married into the Malet family. 29 years after her husband's death, Lady (Countess) Godiva held many estates in Warwickshire, including Coventry, as revealed by the Domesday Book in 1086. Chronologically, either Leofric had married a child bride, or Lady Godivawas a very old woman at the time of the Domesday Survey in 1086. The former is the most likely. The lordships bestowed on Lady Godiva in Warwickshire by William the Conqueror in 1066 were considerable, probably the result of an alliance struck either with Leofric or Lady Godiva before the Conquest. Since, Lady Godiva was a wealthy woman in 1057, and still wealthy after the Conquest, it is not likely she displayed herself in protest after that date, since she would have been protesting her own taxation. She apparently inherited her lands and titles in 1057. Therefore, the event in question probably took place, if at all, several years before 1057, when, young and innocent, the impatient and passionate Lady Godiva, appalled by her aging husband's despotic ways, leapt on her nag and took to the streets of Coventry in all her naked glory, perhaps too young to realize that within a few short years she would be in full control of all the taxation of her husband's considerable holdings at the time of his death, holdings which she carried through to at least 1086. [Ref: ]


# Note: Also the Encyclopædia Britannica lists "fl. c. 1040, -80"

Other refs:
aka: Gogdifu [Dict of Brit History p153-4, Ency Britannica]

Godiva's ancestry is uncertain, but she was evidently of an old, noble family. [Ref: Weis AR7 176A]

sister of Thorold of Buckingham, sheriff of Lincs [Ref: Weis AR7 176A, Watney 673] Turold the Sheriff [Ref: KeatsRohan Lucy]

Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
Page: 176a-2

Text: Sister of Thorold - not daughter.Godiva's gr grandchild Nesta is born c 1055/7. That requires very exact birth dates of all generations between.This marriage date is incompatible, given that their great grandchild Nesta was born about 1055/7.
1000 Estmond of Mercia Edmund Gifford 1253 - 1328 Thomas de Gardinis 75 75 1209 William de Gardiano 1209 Alexandra de la Haye 1070 William de Chesney William de Chesney, lord of Caenby and Glentham, co. Lincoln. [Magna Charta Sureties]

Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
Page: 132d-27
1037 - 1101 Gilbert de Maminot 64 64 The manor of Deptford, alias West Greenwich, was given by William the Conqueror to Gilbert de Magminot, or Maminot (fn. 4) ; whose great-grandson, Wakelin de Maminot, dying without issue in 1191, this manor fell to the share of his sister and
coheir Alice, the wife of Geoffrey de Say (fn. 5) , who gave it to the Knights Templars (fn. 6)
1274 Maud Gifford D. 1170 Nicholas de Meriet Also called Nicholas Fitz Harding; brother of Robert Fitzharding, ancestor of the Berkeleys; of Meriet. Paid scutage in 1162 and 1167.

B.W. Greenfield, The family of Meriet (1884) page 6-7
1133 - 1207 Margaret FitzHarding 74 74 1071 Livida de Berkeley 1180 Roger de Gardino 1179 - 1246 Thomas de la Haye 67 67 1179 - 1267 Alexandra Arsic 88 88 1068 - 1102 Hugh Maltravers 34 34 1069 - 1131 Emma Peverell 62 62 Robert de Courbepine 1138 - >1193 Sedzilia de Berkeley 55 55
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